• Arrest Made (accused brought to county jail).
– Probable case of involvement in commission of crime.
– Criminal Complaint filed.
– Arrest warrant issued.
• Preliminary Arraignment
– Within 72 hours of arrest.
– Accused receives written charges.
– Bail is set.
– Preliminary Hearing is scheduled.
• Preliminary Hearing
– To determine whether there is sufficient evidence to hold the case for trial before a judge or jury.
– May result in reduction of charges or dismissal of case.
– Accused is presumed innocent and usually does not testify.
• Formal Arraignment
– Accused receives final charges in writing.
– Accused enters plea of guilty or not guilty.
– Accused requests jury or non-jury trial.
– Defense Counsel must enter ‘Appearance’ as Counsel of Record.
– Case is assigned to a judge.
– Establishes time periods for filing of Discovery and Pre-Trial Motions.
– Pre-Trial Conference is scheduled.
• Pre-Trial Conference
– Informs judge of how case will proceed:
• Jury Trial.
• Non-Jury Trial.
• Pre-Trial Motions.
– Trial or plea date is scheduled.
• Trial (Jury or Non-Jury)
– If incarcerated, accused must be brought to trial within 180 days of filing of Criminal Complaint unless there is excludable time charged to accused.
– If on bail, accused must be brought to trial within 365 days of filing of Criminal Complaint unless there is excludable time charged to accused.
– Accused may present a defense to charges in a suppression hearing, jury or non-jury trial.
– If acquitted on all charges the case concludes.
– If accused is convicted of all or any charge by entry or plea or guilty verdict by judge or jury the case proceeds to Sentencing stage. (see “I Have Been
Convicted, What Happens Now?”)